Entry or beginning
The word escoba means broom. Escobilla can mean either: 1) Brushing steps 2) Footwork 3) A section of dance in
Alegrías or Soleares, in which the dancer improvises around a repetitious musical phrase. 4. A dance step/turn
executed with the train of a dress, which imitates the brushing motion of a broom.
Little finger (pinky). Right hand guitar notation symbol - indicated by a lower case 'e'. Extremo means last.
The 'e' symbol has become the standard today but it wasn't always so. In the flamenco guitar method by Ivor
Mairants (1958), the right hand little finger was indicated with a lower case 'p'. This stood for 'pequeno'
which means 'little' finger. The problem was that he also used the lowercase 'p' to indicate 'pulgar' for the
right hand thumb. In Juan Serrano's series of Mel Bay books a lower case 's' is used to indicate the little
finger and in Paco Peña's "Toques Flamencos" book (1976) a 'x' is used. Thank goodness for standards eh!
A musical variation played on the guitar
(SONG FORM. CANTE JONDO. TOQUE LIBRE) An abstract song form which evolved as a serious version of the original
Fandangos and is sung without compás. This song form may also be referred to as Fandango naturales. Most of the
toque libre are derived from Fandango Grande.
An ancient Andalucian folk song and dance with roots going back at least as far as the Arab invasion (711AD).
It is believed to have derived from the JOTA, a lively paired dance from Aragon in the north. Almost every
region of Andalucia has it's own version of fandangos. There are two types. FANDANGO GRANDE (great fandangos)
and FANDANGUILLOS (little fandangos). For general performance, we are mainly interested in the more popular
Fandanguillos such as FANDANGOS DE HUELVA and VERDIALES, the fandangos of Málaga.
Fandangos de Huelva
(Song and dance form) A popular regional species of Fandangos from the province of Heulva. A lively dance for
couples reminiscent of Sevillanas. Like the Sevillanas, copla melodies follow a standard harmonic pattern set
within a strict rhythmic structure. Fandangos de Huelva (plural) are also commonly referred to by their generic
Little Fandangos. A 'group' name for the regional styles of festive Fandangos. These include Fandango de Huelva
, Fandango de Lucena, Fandango de Almeria and so on. Verdiales , which could also be called Fandangos de Málaga
by the same naming system, are also Fandaguillos by definition.
(Song and dance form) A dramatic male dance in 4/4 time. Originally a song from the northern region of Galicia.
Andalucian gypsies adopted it and changed it to suit their own tastes. The Farruca is usually played in the key
of A minor. Although the rhythm is strong and strictly defined, some passages begin slowly and gradually build
up speed, especially in the final stages. Although this form is considered a man's dance, women have also
performed it to great effect (dressed in a man's costume of course). It seems a little strange to me that a
dance sometimes referred to as La Farruca, a. very feminine sounding name, should have such a male aura about
it. One would think that the masculine name 'El Farruco' would be more appropriate (and logical), but who am I
to argue with tradition.
Federico Garcia Lorca
(1898-1936) Spanish lyric poet and dramatist. His work reflects the spirit of his native Andalusia and his own
passionate response to life. Gypsy Ballads (1928) made him the most popular Spanish poet of his generation,
while Lament for the Death of a Bullfighter (1935) and The Poet in New York (1940) evidenced his growing
maturity of thought. His plays, notably the tragedies Blood Wedding (1933) and The House of Bernarda Alba
(1936), ensure his continuing international reputation. Garcia Lorca was shot by Franco's soldiers at the
outbreak of the Spanish civil war.
What flamenco is
Pure flamenco. (whatever that is) A confusing term which supposedly means genuine or traditional flamenco. On
the other hand however, the concept of pure flamenco implies interpretations that are old, static and without
change. Although it may suit the older aficionados who fondly reminisce about the good old days, the term
nevertheless carries with it an unwelcome hint of snobbery. Paco De Lucia puts it like this;People tend to
confuse the pure with the old. The old for me is the art in the museum, and the pure is what the artist feels
at the time of playing. Flamenco has too much personality, character and emotive force to stay in the same form
all its life. (Guitar International Magazine, April 1976)
A pretty pink bird which has absolutely nothing to do with the subject of Flamenco. Other common
mis-pronunciations are 'flaminco' and 'flamengo'. Flamenco - origin of the word.
A guitar playing technique. Also known as a 'tirando' stroke. After plucking a string, the finger follows
through to clear the adjacent lower string.
Hard, or loud.